Design and Fabrication of an Electric Power Generator Prototype: The Road as a Source of Clean Energy

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2018 by IJETT Journal
Volume-56 Number-1
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Sylvester W. Makumi, Philiph James Kiamba, Harun Bett, Tom M. Pius
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V56P210

MLA 

Sylvester W. Makumi, Philiph James Kiamba, Harun Bett, Tom M. Pius "Design and Fabrication of an Electric Power Generator Prototype: The Road as a Source of Clean Energy", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V56(1),54-61 February 2018. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

Abstract
The demand for energy has greatly increased. The current sources of clean energy are not able to supply enough amount of energy. Consequently, Fossil fuels are still highly used in many countries. These are harmful to the environment. In addition, their sources are being depleted with time. Therefore, there is need to explore new sources of clean energy to solve this problem. In our project, we have designed a machine that can generate electricity from the energy of moving vehicles. We have introduced a new setup to of mechanical motion rectifier MMR. It has been shown that, a rack system that utilize both the downward and upward motion to drive a pinion increase the rotation time of a generator by 89.2% compared to devices that utilize the downward motion only. We have achieved peak power output ranging from 6.268W to 7.596W when masses from 26Kg to 40Kg were placed on the speed bump. This study gives useful information that will contribute to the future studies of similar devices and clean energy production.

Reference
[1] Wikipedia, “Electric energy consumption.” [Online]. Available: http://wiki.eanswers.com/en/Electric_energy_consumption?ext=t&cid=5062. [Accessed: 08-Jun-2017].
[2] L. Wang, P. Todaria, A. Pandey, J. O’Connor, B. Chernow, and L. Zuo, “An Electromagnetic Speed Bump Energy Harvester and Its Interactions With Vehicles,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1985–1994, Aug. 2016.
[3] R. Gupta and R. Gupta, “Hydraulic Speed Breaker Power Generator,” J. Eng. Res. Appl. www.ijera.com ISSN, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 502–506, 2013.
[4] J. Al Zebda, M. Msallam, M. Al Yazouri, T. Shaheen, and A. Radi, “Power Generation Using Hydraulic and Double Crank Shaft Speed Breaker: Gaza Strip as a Case Study,” in 2017 International Conference on Promising Electronic Technologies (ICPET), 2017, pp. 93–98.
[5] X. Zhang, Z. Zhang, G. Meng, and D. Luo, “Design, modeling, simulation of a novel mechanical road tunnelenergy harvesting system with hydraulic transaction,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation, 2015, pp. 726–730.
[6] J. D. Jaymin, D. Jaymin, and J. D. Jaymin, “Power Generation from Speed Breakers by Air Compression Method,” Int. J. Eng. Dev. Res., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 75–80, 2015.
[7] O. A. Olugboji, M. S. Abolarin, and K. C. Ajani, “Modelling and Design of an Auto Street Light Generation Speed Breaker Mechanism,” Am. J. Mech. Eng., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 84–92, 2015.
[8] A. S. Fawade, “Air Compression and Electricity Generation by Using Speed Breaker with Rack And Pinion Mechanism,” www.ijmer.com, vol. 5, pp. 23–28, 2015.
[9] L. Kolhe, “KINO COMPRESSOR WITH GENERATOR,” Int. J. Eng. Dev. Res., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 324–328, 2016.
[10] M. Ramadan, M. Khaled, and H. El Hage, “Using Speed Bump for Power Generation-Experimental Study,” in Energy Procedia, 2015.
[11] M. Partodezfoli, A. Rezaey, Z. Baniasad, and H. Rezaey, “A Novel Speed-Breaker for Electrical Energy Generation Suitable for Elimination of Remote Parts of Power Systems where is Near to Roads,” J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 6285–6292, 2012.
[12] P. Bhagdikar, N. Rana, J. R., S. Gupta, N. Rana, R. Jegadeeshwaran, and J. R., “Generation of Electricity with the Use of Speed Breakers,” Int. J. Adv. Eng. Technol., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 65–69, 2016.
[13] B. S. Sarma, V. Jyothi, D. Sudhir, B. Santosh Sarma, V. Jyothi, and D. Sudhir, “Design of Power Generation Unit Using Roller Mechanism,” IOSR J. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 55–60, 2014.
[14] C. B. Prakash, A. V. R. Rao, and P. Srinuvas, “Road Power Generation by Speed Breaker,” Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 75–78, 2014.
[15] D. V. Rao, K. P. Rao, S. C. Rao, and R. mamaheswara Rao, “Design and Fabrication of Power generation System using Speed Breaker,” Int. J. Curr. Eng. Technol., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 2697–2702, 2014.
[16] M. S. Islam, S. K. Rahman, and J. S. Jyoti, “Generation of Electricity Using Road Transport Pressure,” Certif. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Innov. Technol., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 520–525, 2013.
[17] S. A. P. Quadri, M. Fayaz, S. Azam, P. Quadri, S. A. P. Quadri, M. A. Khan, M. Fayaz, and A. Jawed, “SPEEDERS WITH SMARTER WAY TO GENERATE ELECTRICTY,” Int. Acad. Eng. Med. Res., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 274–277, 2017.
[18] G. R. Prabu and G. Ethiraj, “Electricity Generation by Speed Breaker,” Int. J. Adv. Res. Electr., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 4799–4808, 2015.
[19] N. Kumar, P. Saini, M. Kumar, and P. G. Student, “Automatic Road Light Controller through Electricity Generation from Speed Breaker,” Int. J. Eng. Technol. Sci. Res. IJETSR www.ijetsr.com ISSN, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 17–25, 2016.
[20] A. P. Rao, A. K. Kumar, and S. Suresh, “Power Generation from Speed Breaker by Rack and Ratchet Mechanism,” Int. J. Curr. Eng. Technol., no. 2, pp. 549–552, 2014.
[21] S. Bano, A. Nadeem, A. Ahmad, and U. Shuja, “Power Generation Using Speed Breakers,” TELKOMNIKA Indones. J. Electr. Eng., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 417–422, 2015.
[22] A. Azam, M. A. Aslam, S. Ali, and F. Q. Yousef-Zai, “138. Speed Breaker Power Generator,” Environ. Sustain. Dev., 2016.
[23] G. P. Dhalwar and T. A. Jadhav, “Power Generation through Rack & Pinion in Suspension System for an Automobile,” Ijariie, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 794–800, 2016.
[24] P. Todaria, L. Wang, A. Pandey, J. O’Connor, D. McAvoy, T. Harrigan, B. Chernow, and L. Zuo, “Design, modeling and test of a novel speed bump energy harvester,” 2015, vol. 9435, p. 943506.
[25] J. Yogesh, J. Lakshman, and J. Vyankat, “Automatic Generation cum Traffic Controller,” Int. Eng. Res. J., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 1634–1637, 2016.
[26] F. N. C. Anyaegbunam, “Power Generation from a Renewable Energy Source - Speed Breaker Generators,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Sci. IJECS-IJENS, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1–4, 2015.
[27] M. Hossam-E-Haider and M. Rokonuzzaman, “Design of a efficient energy generating system using speed breaker for Bangladesh,” in 2015 5th National Symposium on Information Technology: Towards New Smart World, NSITNSW 2015, 2015.
[28] E. Hossain, R. Hasan, K. T. Ahmed, and N. M. Shawon, “Design and Performance of Power Generation Using Speed Breaker with the Help of Rack and Pinion Mechanism,” vol. 2565, no. April 2016, pp. 7–11, 2017.
[29] P. V. Ashtankar, P. H. Bendle, K. Kene, M. R. Kalbande, P. Makhe, S. M. Prof, and M. Dhomne, “Road Power Generation ( RPG ) by Flip plate Mechanism,” Int. J. Sci. Eng. Technol. Res., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 560–562, 2014.
[30] Wikipedia, “Frequency changer.” [Online]. Available: http://wiki.eanswers.com/en/Frequency_changer?ext=t&cid=5062. [Accessed: 13-Jun-2017].

keywords
Energy, Flywheel, Gears, Power generation, Rack, Pinion